animated man
NATURE
· Mammals in Winter
FIRST PEOPLES
· Living In A Storied Land
HISTORY
· Forts and Traders
This is a link to a map of the forests of British Columbia with optional close-ups of Northeastern British Columbia, Cariboo-Chilcotin and Central Coast.

FOCUS  Northeastern British Columbia -- Cold Forest

Forts and Traders
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This is a black and white photograph of the Revillon Frères fur store, Fort St. John.
Revillon Frères fur store, Fort St. John, about 1910. BC Archives D-04315.
On October 28, 1823, Guy Hughes, in charge of the Hudson's Bay Company operations at Fort St. John, sent five men to the new Rocky Mountain Portage House. Four days later, while walking alone on the banks of the river, Hughes was ambushed and killed by local First Peoples. Hughes' men returned from upstream and met a similar fate as they pulled their canoes on shore. Many different reasons have been given as to why the violence occurred, but the immediate result was that the Hudson's Bay Company ended trading operations on the upper Peace. All posts in the area were closed until 1860. Independent traders, such as Revillon Frères, and independent trappers, including John Beattie, challenged the Hudson's Bay Company on its return after 1860.
John and Elizabeth Beattie moved to the Peace River country (near Hudson's Hope) in 1914. Initially Beattie hoped to mine coal, but instead established a farm. He supplied local trappers and hunters, and supplemented his income with trapping.
Frank Beatton, Jack McDougall and Johnny Beatton, Fort St. John, 1920s. BC Archives D-04305.
This is a black and white photograph of Frank Beatton, Jack McDougall and Johnny Beatton, at Fort St. John.
In 1923 the Hudson's Bay Company moved away from the banks of the Peace to be closer to the growing settler community of Fort St. John. The company changed to a retail merchandise business and supplied goods to the new farming families. In the early 1980s, after almost two centuries, the Hudson's Bay Company discontinued operations in Fort St. John, closing an important chapter of the Peace River history. Trapping, however, continues to be part of the Peace River economy.
Fort St. John, 1906. BC Archives A-04253.
This is a black and white photograph of Fort St. John in1906.
Setting a snare for Lynx, near Fort Nelson, 1913. BC Archives A-04249.
This is a black and white photograph of a man in the snow setting a snare for a Lynx.
K.W. Birley and C.M. Finch, Fort St. John, 1919. BC Archives D-04306.
This is a black and white photograph of K.W. Birley and C.M. Finch standing on either side of a hanging mammal pelt.
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