Cold Forests are part of the great boreal spruce forests that extend across northern North America. Takla Landing. Robert Cannings, RBCM.
Ecologists recognize 12 different major forest types and a myriad of variations in British Columbia. These can be grouped into Cold Forests, Wet Forests and Dry Forests. Cold Forests are the subalpine and boreal forests dominated by Spruce, Lodgepole Pine and Subalpine Fir that blanket most of the province's interior. Wet Forests include the impressive rain forests of the coast dominated by Western Hemlock and Western Redcedar, and their counterparts in moister parts of the interior. The Dry Forests consist of the Ponderosa Pine and Douglas-fir forests of the southern interior valleys and the coastal Douglas-fir forests on southeastern Vancouver Island and the Gulf Islands.